Tribal art > African mask > Luvale Mask
Luvale/Luchasi Mask (N° 16584)
Of Lunda origin, the Lwena emigrated from Angola to Zaire in the 19th century, repelled by the Chokwe. When some became slave traders, other groups found refuge in Zambia, forming the Luvale , Lovale . Their society is matrilineal, exogamous and polygamous. The Lwena and Luvale have become known for their sculptures depicting figures of deceased ancestors and chiefs, and their masks related to the initiation rites of the mukanda, a secret male association shared by all these groups on the same territory, with some variants however. Their sculpture was largely influenced by that of the Chokwe.The masks of the Chokwe, Luda, Luvale/Lwena, Luchazi and Mbunda clans are named in Zambia by the "makishi" (sing. likishi). This name comes from "kishi", a Bantou concept that evokes the manifestation of a spirit or ancestor. These agents of social, moral and spiritual order, forming a panel of different characters, sociable, aggressive, or unpredictable, embody the spirit of an illustrious ancestor (male or female), their appearance manifesting mainly during the rites of the mukanda, including circumcision, during which their true identity must remain hidden in the eyes of the layman. Their accessories and behaviour, depending on the case, symbolize moral values, highlight fertility, or parody strangers.
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Crusty patina with red ochre highlights. Lack on the contours.
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