Tribal art > African Statues > Tugubele Maternity
Maternity figure Senoufo Tugubele (N° 17664)
This female figure depicted sitting on a stool, nursing her child, is wearing braids assembled in shells forming a stylized motif linked to the bird of divination, the calao. Beautiful blackish patina, lustrous, speckled with mahogany brown, residual kaolin in the hollows. Erosions on the back of the headdress. Ancient piece from the Belgian Mercier collection, patiently collected over three generations.
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The Senoufos, the name given to them by french settlers, are mainly made up of farmers who have dispersed between Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso. The councils of elders, led by an elected chief, administer the senoufo villages. Governed by matrilineal traditions, they are composed of clusters of dwellings named katiolo . Each of them has its own association Poro which introduces young boys from the age of seven into a succession of three cycles lasting seven years. They gather in a sacred enclosure called sinzanga located near the village, among the trees. At the time of the death of one of the members of the Poro, the statues named pombibele were exhibited. Although exclusively male, Poro actually pays tribute with these statues to the supposed founder of the sinzanga The women's society sandogo manages divination to appease the spirits of the bush, and also has statues. The statues deble , used by soothsayers, depict spirits of the bush in a human form. These spirits receive offerings in exchange for their protection from any kind of plague.
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|Origin||Ex. coll. belge Mercier|
|Estimated dating||1ère halfxx°|
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