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Tribal art - African Terracotta:

Discovered in Africa during the last century, the most recent terracottas come from the Nok (Nigeria) and date from 900 to 1500 years ago. Elsewhere, as in Mali, some date from 9 to 12000 BC. Terracotta was used to produce various objects for daily life, such as jars, made from the material of the mud ponds.

Kongo funeral pot
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Tribal art > African Terracotta > Funeral cup

Pot on foot of a beautiful regularity, with orange slip. A wide band of motifs in relief borders the walls. According to the catalog "Sura Dji, faces and roots of Zaire" (1982), this type of bowl was used for prepared food. Along the Zaire River, over 200 km, cemeteries were uncovered around the 1940s. In Sanga, Bukama, but also in the region of Pungwe, around Lake Kisale, funerary ceramics were discovered buried in the graves of chiefs.

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Mambila anthropomorphic jar
Tribal art > African Terracotta > Mambila jar

Equipped with a figurative spout, the container, which represents a human bust, is embellished with decorative motifs in relief. Ochre slip, kaolin and blue pigments. Slight shine.
Despite their small numbers, the thirty thousand Mambila (or Mambilla, Mambere, Nor, Torbi, Lagubi, Tagbo, Tongbo, Bang, Ble, Juli, Bea)(the "men", in Fulani), settled in northwestern Cameroon, on either side of the Cameroon-Nigeria border, created a large number of masks and statues easily identifiable by their heart-shaped faces. Although the Mambila believe in a creator god named Chang or Nama, they worship only their ancestors. Their chiefs were buried in granaries like wheat because they were thought to symbolize prosperity. The Mambila are farmers and mainly cultivate coffee. Their masks and ...

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Fon terracota jar pair
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Tribal art > African Jar > Fon Jar

From the ex private collection of African Art Emile Robyn ( Brussels, Belgium ).

It's a pottery linked to the worship Mawu-Lissa, who is a creator deities in the voodoo religion. This divinity is known in the Ewe and Mina people from Togo and the Fon people from Benin in west Africa. Mawu-Lissa means " What we can't overcome " . It's also used by the Christians to designate God in the Bible or in the Christian liturgy.

It's the grandfather of Emile, Abel Robyn, that started the collection in 1850, who was transmitted over three generations. At the death of Abel in 1895, his son, Jérôme Robyn did inherited the collection which he continued to fulfil until his death in 1968.

Emile Robyn inherited from his father and also continued this ...

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