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Tribal art - Chokwe:

Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the sixteenth century, in Kwilu and in the Kasai region of southern Zaire, the Chokwe were then subjected to the lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they ended up seizing the capital of Lunda weakened by internal conflicts, thus contributing to the dismantling of the kingdom. The Chokwe did not have centralized power but large chiefdoms. They attracted artists who wanted to put their know-how at the exclusive service of the court. The artists created so many varied pieces and of such quality that the Lunda court only employed them. From the eighteenth century, exchanges with Europeans, especially the Portuguese, influenced their sculptures.


Tschokwe Mask
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Tribal art > African mask > Tschokwe Mask

African masks Chokwe pwo , among the many masks akishi (sing: mukishi, indicating power) of African tribal art Chokwe, are exclusively female representations that were accompanied by accessories and adornments. Joined by their male counterparts, cihongo recognizable to their large tray-shaped headdresses, the pwo must bring fertility and prosperity to the community. The characteristic motifs on the forehead, and sometimes on the cheekbones, are part of the chokwe aesthetic canons but also served as public markers of ethnic identity. This recurrent cruciform frontal pattern would also have a cosmogonic significance.
Always worn by senior-grade insiders, these women's masks were often embalmed with buttons and accessories of European origin. Pointed teeth were once a criterion for ...


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Chokwe mask
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Tribal art > African mask > Chokwe mask

The Tschokwe, in African art, have a male association, the mukanda, which makes use of about thirty masks for various social purposes and related to ancestors: the cikugu mask, the cihongo, the pwo mask, kalelwa, cikunza > , but also this type of animal mask, the ngulu accessorized with basketwork. It was also accompanied by colored cotton fabrics and various small objects. The obscene behavior that accompanied his exhibition contrasted with the other masked dances. Grainy ocher brown patina.
The Tschokwe, of Bantu culture, had settled in eastern Angola, but also in Congo and Zambia. Following various alliances, they mingled with the Lunda who taught them hunting. Elephants in the region were hunted for meat, but also for ivory which was intended for sale and not the wide range of ...


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Chokwe Statue
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Tribal art > African Statues > Chokwe Statue

Singularity of the works of African tribal art Chokwe
This tribal statue glorifies the founding hero of the ethnic group, the ancestor Chibinda Ilunga, a skilled hunter, wearing a majestic headdress and sitting on a prestigious stool reserved for notables. The headdresses were made of various materials, more precisely a wicker frame covered with fabric, brass, leather, pearls. In one of his hands is represented an antelope horn in which were inserted magical substances. The repeated application of castor oil and coloring vegetable decoctions once gave the objects a brown patina. (B. Wastiau) Desiccation cracks. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and ...


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Chokwe Seat
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Tribal art > African Chair > Chokwe Seat

Among the feasts of dignitaries, this stool with a cephalomorphic motif illustrates the importance given to the prestige of its owner. The protection of ancestors is invoked thanks to the sculpted effigy of Chibinda Ilunga, hunter and mythical hero, founder of the Chokwé ethnic group. The chiefs had a major function in the rites of propitiation intended for the hunting and fertility of women, the objects being decorated with this figure therefore presumably having a protective function. The flared seat rests on a circular base, and the walls are engraved with geometric patterns while a handle is fitted at the back.
Grey black, semi-mate. Cracks.
Paisiblely settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they ...


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Chokwe statue
Tribal art > African Statues > Chokwe statue

Sculpted with mastery, this work glorifies the ancestor and mythical hero founder of the ethnic group, Chibinda Ilunga. The chief, with oversized palms and feet, has an impressive noble headdress. Easily recognizable thanks to this ample headdress with curved side fins (cipenya-mutwe), a wicker frame covered with fabric, brass, leather, and beads, he had taught his people the art of hunting.
The dignitaries presented themselves cross-legged in a suit, which is confirmed by an African proverb: "The elder sitting cross-legged wishes to be greeted with respect" By alluding to the circle of his crossed legs, the chief conveys the blessings of a full orbit life." ("The Kongo gesture", ed. Dapper Museum)
The leader claps his hands as a sign of welcome and to signify his interest ...


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750.00

Tschokwe drum
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Tribal art > Djembe TamTam > Tschokwe drum

Among the royal musical instruments of the Tschokwe, this cup-shaped ceremonial drum is stretched with a skin studded around the edges. The face carved on the wall adopts some of the features of the Chihongo mask. In each chiefdom, an attendant announced each solemn event with the drum. According to legend, the membrane of the instrument once concealed a second skin: that of a sacrificial victim. Dark brown patina, ochre residues, cracks of desiccation.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, they eventually ...


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Chokwe Bed
Tribal art > Head rest > Chokwe Bed

This bed consists of a concave board established on four legs, a sculpted neck support acting as a pillow. The effigy in the round adorning the head of the bed probably represents the tribal chief Chibinda Ilunga, hunter and mythical hero, founder of the Chokwé ethnic group, wearing the cipenya-mutwe, the objects being decorated of this figure having a protective function. The contours are inlaid with upholstery nails.
Brown patina encrusted with ochre.
Native restorations. Desication erosions and cracks.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwé never fully adopted these new social and ...


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780.00

Chokwe mask
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Tribal art > African mask > Chokwe mask

The prestigious African tribal art Chokwe mask, the cihongo, is danced by itinerant professionals. Always worn by dancers of royal blood, this mask embodying a spirit symbolizes power and wealth. He also intervened, sometimes, on occasion in judgments. The circular outgrowth of the chin symbolizes a chef's beard, while the upper part represents the crown. This type of chokwe mask could also be produced in Zambia in honor of chiefs. The painted motifs refer to the scales of the viper and the pangolin.
Indigenous restorations, accidents, cracks and erosions.
The masks of the Chokwe, Luda, Luvale/Lwena, Luchazi and Mbunda clans are called "makishi" (sing. likishi) in Zambia. This name comes from "kishi", a Bantu concept that evokes the manifestation of a spirit or an ancestor. ...


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Tschokwe statue
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Tribal art > African Statues > Tschokwe statue

br>Among the rarest pieces of the Chokwe, or Tschokwe, this Chokwe female figure, usually associated with the Hamba type of therapeutic cult, embodies a female ancestor who is supposed to guarantee fertility or healing. These statues were arranged around the muyombo altar, a tree at the base of which sacrifices and offerings were once performed. Carvings such as figures made in sticks or poles (Mbunji or mbanji ), planted in the ground, also appeared. Related ethnic groups had this same type of altar, a witness before which rituals, oaths and important transactions were concluded. The glass bead ornaments magnify the dark sheen of the patina.
Erosion of the base, residues of ritual plastering. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe ...


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Tschokwe, Chokwe mask
Tribal art > African mask > Tschokwe mask

Always worn by senior initiates, these African masks embodying a female ancestor were often decked out with buttons and accessories of European origin. This old copy, however, does not have its braided headdress. Lacks and abrasions.
Heterogeneous velvety patina, residues of kaolin and red ocher.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. African Chokwe pwo masks, among the many akishi (sing: mukishi (singing: mukishi , indicating power) masks of African art Chokwe, embody an ideal of beauty, Mwana Pwo , or the Pwo woman and appear in festive ceremonies these days. Joined to their male ...


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390.00

Tschokwe crest
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Tribal art > African mask > Chokwe crest

br>According to the former owner of this carving, it was used among the Chokwe during circumcision ceremonies incorporating the initiation rites of passage to adulthood, the mukanda , which they held on their heads. Very strangely, however, its design is reminiscent of the ritual aerophones isumba mulimu of the Nande. The object is not hollowed out, however. Abraded matte patina.
Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwe were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sacredness of power. Nevertheless, the Chokwe never fully adopted these new social and political contributions. Three centuries later, the Chokwe eventually took over the capital of the Lunda, which had been weakened by internal ...


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Tschokwe mask
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Tribal art > African mask > Tschokwe mask

Ex-collection African art from Belgium.
The Tschokwe, in African tribal art , have a male association, the mukanda, which makes use of some thirty African masks , made of wood, related to ancestors, for various social purposes: the cikugu mask, the cihongo, the pwo mask, kalelwa, cikunza. They were also joined with colorful cotton cloth and often also various small objects. The abundant braided headdress is a specificity of Chokwe masks. However, this example does not have the usual motifs linked to the group's scarifications, only the oblique lines, symbolizing tears, are perceptible on the cheeks. Height on base: 48 cm. Velvety black patina, cracked.
The Tschokwe, of Bantu culture, had established themselves in the east of Angola, but also in Congo and ...


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Masque Chokwe Mukishi wa Pwo
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Tribal art > African mask > Chokwe Mask

Ex-collection Swiss African art.
African Mask of reduced volume intervening during the initiation ceremonies of passage to adulthood, the mukanda , marking among other things the end of the privileged bond between a son and his mother. This mask symbolizing the first ancestor, devoid of accessories, is engraved with checkerboards forming stripes on the cheeks depicting traditional keloid scars. The mouth shows off lime teeth, a criterion of feminine beauty in the Chokwe. Black brown satin patina. Desication crack. Peacefully settled in eastern Angola until the 16th century, the Chokwé were then subjected to the Lunda empire from which they inherited a new hierarchical system and the sanctity of power. The African Chokwe pwo masks, among the many masks akishi (sing: mukishi, ...

Tchokwe prestigious stool
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Tribal art > African Chair > Tabouret Chokwe

Ex-collection French tribal art.
Among the chef's regalia, this stool illustrates the importance attached to the prestige of its owner. The protection of ancestors is invoked thanks to the sculpted effigies playing the role of caryatids supporting the used circular seat. While one of them is like a Chokwe tribal leader who could be Chibinda Ilunga, a mythical hunter and hero, founder of the Chokwé ethnic group, wearing his large side winged headdress cipenya-mutwe, the second depicts an 18th century Portuguese settler. The chiefs had a major function in the rites of propitiation intended for the hunting and fertility of women, the objects being decorated with this figure therefore presumably having a protective function. Old prints of upholstery nails. Desication cracks.


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Statue Tschokwe
Tribal art > African Statues > Statue Tschokwe

Ex-collection of African American tribal art.
This Chokwe statue, generally associated with the therapeutic cult of type Hamba, embodies a female ancestor supposed to guarantee fecundity or healing. These figures were placed around the muyombo altar, a tree at the foot of which sacrifices and offerings were once made. Sculptures such as figures made from sticks or poles ( mbunji or mbanji ), planted in the ground, were also included. Related ethnic groups had this same type of altar, a witness before which rituals, oaths, and important transactions were concluded. The scarification of the face are those that adorn the mask Mukishi wa Mwana Pwo worn during Mukanda initiation ceremonies, associated with fertility and fecundity. The statue and its headdress are sheathed with a ...


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650.00

Luvale/Luchasi Mask
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Tribal art > African mask > Luvale Mask

Of Lunda origin, the Lwena emigrated from Angola to Zaire in the 19th century, repelled by the Chokwe. When some became slave traders, other groups found refuge in Zambia, forming the Luvale , Lovale . Their society is matrilineal, exogamous and polygamous. The Lwena and Luvale have become known for their sculptures depicting figures of deceased ancestors and chiefs, and their masks related to the initiation rites of the mukanda, a secret male association shared by all these groups on the same territory, with some variants however. Their sculpture was largely influenced by that of the Chokwe.The masks of the Chokwe, Luda, Luvale/Lwena, Luchazi and Mbunda clans are named in Zambia by the "makishi" (sing. likishi). This name comes from "kishi", a Bantou concept that evokes the manifestation ...


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Chokwe Anthropomorphic Box
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Tribal art > African Jar > Tschokwe Box

This anthropomorphic container depicts the leader, mythical hero Chibinda Ilunga, wearing a headdress of a certain size, chipangula or cipenya mutwe . These hairstyles consisted of various materials, more precisely a wicker frame covered with fabric, brass, leather, beads. The chief had taught his people the art of hunting. The chiefs had a major function in the propitiation rites intended for the hunting and fertility of women, the objects being adorned with this figure thus, presumably, a protective function. In this case the bust forms a box whose circular lid consists of the head and shoulders of the character. A native restoration using a metal sheet was carried out on the back. Crusty residues (vegetable oil) line the inner flanks of the container. Satin mahogany brown patina.


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Fertility figure Chokwe Kaponya wa Pwo
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Tribal art > African Statues > Statue Chokwe

This Chokwe statue, usually associated with therapeutic cult type Hamba, embodies a female ancestor supposed to guarantee fertility or healing. These figures were arranged around the altar muyombo, a tree at the foot of which sacrifices and offerings were once made. Sculptures such as figures made in sticks or poles (Mbunji or mbanji), planted in the ground, were also included. The related ethnic groups had the same type of altar, a witness before which rituals, oaths and important transactions were concluded.
The character's head takes on the features of the famous mask Mukishi wa Mwana Pwo worn during Mukanda initiation ceremonies, associated with fertility and fertility. A figure of a fertile woman, the sculptor opted for solid volumes, combined with refined details such as ...

Masque casque Chokwe Mukishi wa Pwo
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Tribal art > African mask > Tschokwe Mask

Always finely sculpted, the African mask equipped with a voluminous braided headdress supported by a basket structure, and a woven raffia hood, illustrates the beauty of the young Tschokwe women. The hairstyle is reminiscent of the red earth-like hairstyle of the women of the clan.
Red brown patina, red ochre pigments on the headdress.
African masks Chokwe pwo among the many masks akishi or "akixi" (sing: mukishi , indicating power, are exclusively female representations that were accompanied by accessories and adornments. They were, however, carried by high-ranking men. Joined to their male counterparts, cihongo recognizable by their large plateau-shaped headdress, the pwo must bring fertility and prosperity to the community. The characteristic patterns on the forehead, and ...





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