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Tribal art - Yoruba:

The Yoruba, more than 20 million, occupy southwestern Nigeria and the central and southeastern region of Benin under the name of Nago. They are patrilineal, practice excision and circumcision.


Ifé Yoruba commemorative head in bronze
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Tribal art > African bronze > Ifé bronze

Figurative bronze depicting the Oni, king of Ife the cradle city of the Yoruba, wearing a highly detailed crown. Nowadays the king of Ifé wears a similar badge of office, formed by a vertical braided segment ending in a pointed bulge. Such a head was attached to the top of a dressed wooden effigy to represent the deceased king at the funeral and then buried after the ceremony in a shrine near the palace. Grainy texture, greenish-black patina encrusted with ochre. The city of Ifé in Nigeria was in the 15th century the center of a powerful forest state west of the Niger Delta. The work of bronze was a prerogative of the king "oni", according to the technique of lost wax. These prestigious objects embodying the rulers were placed on the royal altars for ceremonial use. It would be an ...

Yoruba monumental cup with offerings
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Tribal art > African Jar > Yoruba Cup

Monumental sculpture of African art from the Yoruba region. Lidded vessels, adorned with a variety of subjects, are superimposed above figures of caryatids framing a central, seated figure. The human figures, evocations of fertility, ancestors, and orisa spirits, were carved in the round while bas-relief motifs adorn the walls of the central rectangular bowl. The various scenes refer to Yoruba mythology. Faded polychromy, matt patina, minimal cracks and abrasions. Centered on the veneration of its gods, or orisà, Yoruba religion relies on artistic sculptures with coded messages ( aroko ). These spirits are believed to intercede with the supreme god Olodumare . The cups are intended for votive offerings, gifts for visitors, or for divination. Sculptures of this type decorated ...

Fetish Boccio, Botchio, Fon
Tribal art > African fetish > Statuette Vodou

This feminine figure collected at Porot Novo is devoid of ritual accessories. She springs from a fragment of wood on narrow legs. In the same axis, the bust is framed by half-bent arms that seem to be tightened on the abdomen in a protective gesture. Positioned high up, the small chest is pointed. An enigmatic face surmounts the whole. Weathered wood, granular furrowed surface of soft and satiny texture. Blackish prints resulting from libations.
The botchio (from bo : "evil spell" in Fon, and tchio , "corpse") erected at the top of a pole was erected at the entrance of the village or a house in order to keep away from it any threat, physical or spiritual. Some of them took minimalist forms, barely sketched around a central trunk. The multitude of gods fon (the vodun), ...


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620.00

Masque Epa Ekiti Yoruba
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Tribal art > African mask > Yoruba Mask

The Ekiti of the eastern part of the yoruba region use polychrome heaume masks illustrating the prosperity of the community. Our copy is surmounted by a male figure leaning on sceptres carved with human motifs. These subjects are associated with the various gods of the Yoruba pantheon. These masks, which are painted by their owners, are released every two years. Despite the weight of the masks, the dancers perform spectacular acrobatic demonstrations. These ceremonies are also supposed to increase fertility. Crusty polychrome patina. The Yoruba, more than 20 million, occupy the southwestern part of Nigeria and the central and southeastern part of Benin under the name of Nago. They are patrilineal and practice excision and circumcision. The kingdoms of Oyo and Ijebu were born ...


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Gelede Yoruba mask
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Tribal art > African mask > Gelede mask

Ex-collection Belgian African tribal art.
This ancient African Yoruba Gelede mask forms a crest that was worn on the top of the head. His face has a rounded shape with expressive features and is animated by large almond-shaped eyes with pierced pupils. The relief treatment of the upper eyelids, bordered with black pigment to create a thick fringe of lashes, lend an almost hypnotic femininity to the eyes. Velvety patina of use, old cracked polychromy, prints of xylophages. Crack on one side. The Gelede cult has become a contemporary heritage, based on ancestral traditions: the Unesco has included it in the PCI (Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity) in 2008.
Concerning the ceremonies of the ...


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Yoruba Nago mask of the Gelede cult
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Tribal art > African mask > Masque Gelede

The Gelede in African art. In Nigeria, also in Benin, this African mask in the form of a janiform heame is accompanied by its suit in cotton fabric and colorful velvet. It is used for gelede society's rejoicing dances, and for the funeral of its followers. These masks occur in pairs, each with a specific name. A stage composed of figures of musicians and acrobats rests on the hem endowed with a dazzling polychromy and traditional Yoruba ethnic scarifications. Excellent condition. Patine mate.
The Gelede country in Nigeria pays tribute to the mothers, especially the oldest of them, whose powers would be comparable to those of the Yoruba gods, or orisa, and the ancestors, osi and who can be used for the benefit but also for the misfortune of society. In the latter case these women ...

Masque Yoruba Ekiti Epa
Tribal art > African mask > Masque Ekiti

Ex-collection of Belgian African tribal art.

The Ekiti of the northeastern part of the yoruba region use polychrome heaume masks associated with the Epa cult, illustrating the prosperity of the community. They appear during funerals or rites of passage. The base of the mask, named ikoko, is surmounted by a plateau on which two zoomorphic figures are carved in a round-bump. These masks, which will have been painted by their owners, are taken out every two years. Despite the weight of the masks, the dancers perform spectacular acrobatic demonstrations. These ceremonies are also supposed to increase fertility. Clear patina with polychrome highlights. Cracks, slight abrasions, and xylophagous impressions.
The Yoruba, more than 20 million, occupy the southwestern ...


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950.00

Yoruba Cup Carrier
Tribal art > African Statues > Statue Yoruba

Cup bearers in traditional African art from Nigeria.
The priestess with female and male attributes, her cheeks marked with scarifications in three vertical "kpélé" claws, kneels and supports a cup for offerings or divination. She holds a scepter and a rattle for dancing. Singularly, the cup decorated with Orunmila's faces is not hollow and may have served as a tray. The Yoruba religion is based on artistic sculptures with coded messages ( aroko ). These spirits are supposed to intercede with the supreme god Olodumare .
Crusty patina . Polychrome matt pastillage. Desiccation cracks and abrasions. <. Within the Yoruba pantheon, Orunmila is the deity "orisa" who is consulted in case of problems through the divination ifà thanks to the diviner babalawo ( iyanifà for a ...


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850.00

Yoruba divination tray Onigunmerin
Tribal art > Usual african items > Yoruba Tablet

This tablet, which was used in a church in Cotonou among the Yoruba of Benin, is rare due to the presence of a receptacle for cola nuts. The center of the plateau, aarin opon, forms a picture in which the dust allowed the soothsayer to trace the solutions to his client's problem. On the outer frieze appears the face of Esu/Elegba divine messenger. During the divination process, in order to summon the orishas and accompany his songs, the soothsayer hammers the tray with a rattle carved in wood or ivory (iroké). Abrasions of use. Desication cracks. Beautiful golden light brown patina.

High on a base: 37 cm. Support of the ritualist named babalawo (or Babalao, or Babaal-wo, pronounced Baba-a-l'wo), priest of Ifa, in the Yoruba language, these trays exist in three forms. They are ...


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980.00

Yoruba Altar Figure
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Tribal art > African Statues > Yoruba Maternity

Focused on the veneration of its gods, or orisà, the Yoruba religion relies on artistic sculptures with coded messages (aroko). This altar for communication with the afterlife depicts as a maternal figure one of the many female goddesses, the goddess of the earth Onilé ("owner of the House"), guarantor of longevity, peace, and resources, and linked to the powerful Ogboni society among Yoruba Egba and Ijebu. It could also symbolize Orunmila , goddess of divination. A ritual statue to be placed on an altar, it was revered by members of the powerful Ogboni Society, or Osugbo, in charge of justice. Polychrome patina coated with a crusty coating. The kingdoms of Oyo and Ijebu were born following the demise of the Ifé civilization and are still the basis of the yoruba's political structure. ...


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Altar sculpture Yoruba Osé sango
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Tribal art > African Statues > Cavalier Yoruba

Glorifying an ancient deified king, a rider figure surrounded by servants forms the central subject of the scene established on a circular handle tray. This sculpture is associated with the cult sango symbolized by a double axis. The equine, rare in the region, was an attribute of prestige that was reserved for the nobility and the sovereigns. At the top, a plank connecting the heads is carved from an iguana or crocodile. . Focused on the veneration of his gods, or orisà, the religion yoruba relies on artistic sculptures with coded messages (aroko). They are designed by sculptors at the request of followers, soothsayers and their clients. These spirits are supposed to intercede with the supreme god Olodumare. Crusty patina. Cracks and abrasions.
Soruba, more than 20 million, occupy ...

Yoruba Fertility Fetish Doll
Tribal art > African fetish > Yoruba statuette

Set on two thin legs apart from the width of the pelvis, this feminine figure, reduced, has amazing protruding and asymmetrical pupils giving it the appearance of an insect or even a small animal. Stretched eyebrows largely overlook the eye, while the nose and mouth are carefully sculpted into the extremity of the chin. The tubular neck extends from two tiny breasts supported by the character's hands. It is a fetish for individual use from Akpro-Missérété. Smoothed by a regular grip, the patina has adopted an orange-brown hue. Long desication cracks.
Vingt-five million Yoruba are scattered between Nigeria, Benin, and Togo. Among the broad pantheon Yoruba, the god named Ogun god of iron and war, was also that of blacksmiths and sculptors. The creator Olodumare reigns over four ...


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620.00

Yoruba divination tray Onigunmerin
Tribal art > Usual african items > Yoruba Tablet

Support of the ritualist named babalawo (or Babalao, or Babaal-wo, pronounced Baba-a-l'wo), priest of Ifa, in the Yoruba language, these trays exist in three forms. They are intended for ifa, a system of divination that represents the teachings of the orisha Orunmila, orisha of Wisdom. The babalawo claim to be securing the future through their communication with Orunmila. In Yoruba thought in Nigeria, orishas form a variety of divine spirits controlling natural forces. They are found mainly in Yoruba cosmogony but more widely in East West Africa in the diasporas of Central and South America. This tablet was used in Abomey, among the Yorubas of Benin.The center of the plateau, aarin opon , forms a picture in which the dust of wood allows the priest-soothsayer to trace the solutions to his ...


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490.00

Ritual cup Igbadù Ifa Yoruba
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Tribal art > African Jar > Coupe Ifa

African art and Yoruba statuary.
This divination cup ( igbadù or opon Igèdè) consisting of five compartments, one of which is central, is reserved for the divination cult Ifa, created by the Oyo of Nigeria and in connection with the egungun and Sango societies.
She contained the divination material of the Ifa priest, including kola nuts (ikin). Allegorical sculptures in relief around its lid and on its base are scenes that represent priests or followers of Shango, the god of thunder.
Sometains wield dance sticks, shango oshe, and fly-hunters, royal emblems, others present an offering box. The god Eshu , a deity mainly linked to communication, messenger between men and spirits and whose phallic headdress is recognizable, also appears.
From this orisha, one of the ...

Opà Osanyin Yoruba wrought iron altar stick
Tribal art > Usual african items > Yoruba Altar

Aimed at the orisa (Yoruba god) Osanyin associated with herbal therapy, this stick was intended for the soothsayer or healer. Welded to a central pole that was planted in earth, two stems support a circular platform with a stage. It consists of patterns of birds, symbolizing divination, and bells cut out of metal sheets. The summit figure depicts a bird with outstretched wings, trimmed with pendeloques, which, laid flat, forms like a small protective parasol, like a bulwark against the evil powers. Shed the Yoruba of the Nigeri , these type of sticks were emblems featuring birds. Aimed at the soothsayers, they were used for divination ceremonies related to the god of herbalists and occult sciences, Osanyin supposedly working in concert with that of divination, Orunmila.
These is in ...

Yoruba Monumental Cup
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Tribal art > African Jar > Yoruba Cup

The monumental sculpture of African art from the Yoruba regionTwo Caryatidic figures surrounded by sculptures of musicians support an impressive lidded container adorned with a variety of subjects. These were worked in round-bump and top and bas-relief, forming multiple detailed scenes, and whose iconography refers to Yoruba mythology. A recurrence: the image of the god shango in the form of a horseman, and the maternal figure, priestess and goddess. Extinct polychromy, matte patina, cracks and abrasions.
Centrée on the veneration of her gods, or orisà, the Yoruba religion relies on artistic sculptures with coded messages ( aroko). These spirits are supposed to intercede with the supreme god Olodumare. The cups are intended for votive offerings, gifts for visitors, or divination. ...


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Yoruba polychrome cut carrier
Tribal art > African Statues > Statue Yoruba

This female figure is depicted kneeling, presenting a spherical receptacle in the image of the earth. It is intended for votive offerings, gifts for visitors, or divination. Sculptures of this type decorated the palaces of the country Yoruba. Subjects surround it, evocations of minor gods or ancestors.
Centrée on the veneration of her gods, or orisà, the Yoruba religion relies on artistic sculptures with coded messages ( aroko). These spirits are supposed to intercede with the supreme god Olodumare. Linear scarifications mark the faces of the characters in order not only to increase their physical beauty, but also to identify the rank or origin of its wearer. Body marks could be permanent or temporary, such as tattoos made from insect or plant juices, especially for court ...


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950.00

Masque Epa Ekiti Yoruba
Tribal art > African mask > Yoruba Mask

The Ekiti in the eastern part of the yoruba region use polychrome hem masks illustrating the prosperity of the community. Our copy is topped with a male figure based on sceptres carved with human motifs. These subjects are associated with the various gods of the Yoruba pantheon. The release of these masks, which have been painted by their owners, takes place every two years. Despite the weight of the masks, the dancers perform spectacular acrobatic demonstrations. These ceremonies are also expected to increase fertility. Crusty polychrome patina.
Soruba, more than 20 million, occupy southwestern Nigeria and the central and southeastern region of Benin under the name Nago. They are patrilineal, practice excision and circumcision. The kingdoms of Oyo and Ijebu were born following the ...


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740.00

Rider Yoruba s altar
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Tribal art > African Statues > Rider Yoruba's altar

Iconography of the rider in the African art of Nigeria.

The horse was rare in the regions of Nigeria and only kings and nobles could afford to acquire this type of equine to facilitate its movement. Divinized ancestor, orisa, or divine messenger Esù or Elégba, the character adopts proportions much larger than those of the animal. It also features facies specific to Yoruba statuary, whose main characteristics are the large almond-shaped globular eyes and the deep scarifications known as "claws". He is accompanied by an adept or one of the water goddesses, whose small size highlights its high stature. The gesture of the female figure emphasizes her powers of nutrition and fertility, and her maternal obligations towards men. This object could be an altar dedicated to Sango, the ...


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Olumeye Yoruba Cup Carrier
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Tribal art > African Statues > Statue Yoruba

Focused on the veneration of its gods, or orisà, the Yoruba religion relies on artistic sculptures with coded messages ( aroko). These spirits are supposed to intercede with the supreme god Olodumare. This feminine figure, is represented seated, a spherical receptacle in the image of the earth is placed on his lap. It is intended for votive offerings, gifts for visitors, or divination. Sculptures of this type decorated the palaces of the country Yoruba. Subjects surround it, evocations of fertility and ancestors. Linear scarifications mark the faces of the characters in order not only to increase their physical beauty, but also to identify the rank or origin of its wearer. Body marks could be permanent or temporary, such as tattoos made from insect or plant juices, especially for court ...


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Masque Epa Ekiti Yoruba
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Tribal art > African mask > Masque Epa

The Ekiti in the eastern part of the yoruba region use polychrome hem masks illustrating the prosperity of the community. Our copy is topped by a complex superstructure, which includes: a rider associated with the deity Olomoyeye. Mother, proportionally reduced figures representing other gods of the Yoruba pantheon including Eshu/Elegba. The release of these masks, which have been painted by their owners, takes place every two years. Despite the weight of the masks, the dancers perform spectacular acrobatic demonstrations. These ceremonies are also expected to increase fertility. Good condition despite some erosions and cracks.
Soruba, more than 20 million, occupy southwestern Nigeria and the central and southeastern region of Benin under the name Nago. They are patrilineal, ...


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